What are genomics?

Genomics (also called: true genomics) is the study of genomes, a genome with a (sub) set of genes of a cell or organism. The term “gene” here should be interpreted broadly: even non-coding portions of the DNA into the genome are often included. Genomics may involve genes of humans, animals, plants and microorganisms. For example, to search for the cause and course of disease, examining the effects and side effects of new drugs, plant breeding and the development of bacteria that make useful substances (drugs, vitamins or building blocks for plastics). Genomics is a science system. It was the first in a series of so-called-omics, including proteomics and metabolomics.
 
It can be considered as a part of systems biology, an organism as a whole movement that wants to study with scientific methods, using the vast amount of data in recent years by all-omics studies have become available. Since the 70s and 80s of the 20th century, the field of genomics on the rise. It played several factors. First was the idea that many diseases can be traced to the malfunctioning of a single gene often incorrect. Almost always there is a complex interaction of many genes. Genomics will be no longer just looking at individual genes, but also the interdependence of genes.

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